Stage Two Sources

Microchipping of Animals FAQ

In this question and answer page by the American Veterinary Medical Association, the use, safety and effectiveness of microchips are discussed. The effectiveness of this technology was particularly looked at. The lack of a unified database and frequency hinder the ability to find the lots pet’s home. This resulted in dogs whose microchips could not be read to be euthanized. People think because a few instances have resulted in euthanasia, that the microchip will not help their pet, when in reality it will.

https://www.avma.org/KB/Resources/FAQs/Pages/Microchipping-of-animals-FAQ.aspx

Removing Microchips?

In this article the process for removing a microchip is briefly explained, with and emphasis on the difficulty of such a procedure.This is important because it highlights how unusual it is to remove a microchip, and therefore how unlikely a pet owner will purchase a new one. It is also an important fact for when the ownership of a pet is disputed, if someone tries to remove the microchip form between the pet’s shoulders there will be a scar and, because only a veterinarian can do the procedure, record of the removal.

http://avetsguidetolife.blogspot.com/2014/02/removing-microchips.html

What Happens with Biohazardous waste once it’s placed in the designated container? 

This article details the disposal of needles and how they are handled after use. Because microchips are administered with a needle that is only used once, it is important to understand how they are disposed, in order to understand how microchips impact the environment. Needles are sterilized and then put into a landfill, after use. Due to sanitation and health concerns, needles are only used once.

What happens with biohazardous waste once it’s placed in the designated container?

US Patent US7965188B2

This patent is for a RFID transponder. The details of what components are used for microchips are given. The main components of microchips include an antenna and a copper transponder. Knowing the components of the microchip is important in order to asses how it is handled once it is thrown away.

https://patents.google.com/patent/US7965188B2/en

US Patent US5772671A

The details of the needle used to administer microchips are given in this patent. The components of the needle are important to asses how the needle impacts the environment after its use.

https://patents.google.com/patent/US5772671A/en?q=tracking,human&q=microchips

US Patent US8922373B2

The use on nitinol, a nickel titanium compound is expressed in this patent. This is important because if the microchip is extracted from the animal, whether it is diseased or alive, the nitinol is the memory component of the microchip. Once nitinol is disposed of, it is placed in the landfill. However, since most microchips are not removed from the animals, it is either cremated or buried with the pet.

https://patents.google.com/patent/US8922373B2/en

From What Materials Are RFID Tags Made?

This article explains the basic compontents used to make microchips. The microchip is encased in a glass ampule, which protects it, as it is under the animal’s skin. Due to the fact that the glass is ment to keep the microchip intact, it is not biodegradable.

http://www.rfidjournal.com/blogs/experts/entry?11066

Introduction to RFID

This article gives a basic understanding of the general parts of any given microchip. This article is a simple explanation of what all microchips, not only those used for animals, include, and is a good general starting point to explain what all is involved in microchips.

What are RFID tags made of?

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