Stage 3 Annotated Bibliography

Fantel, H. (1986, Dec 21). The phonograph and its impact on the art of music. New York Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from

Cook, H. H. (1941, Jan 26). Solace found in a record player. New York Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from

These two sources sum up the opinion that people have had throughout the 80’s and the 40’s respectively. The main point behind the first source is that the phonograph and record player was truly innovative. The ability to replicate sound was something that hadn’t been done in the same way and doing so was incredible. The first article also looks at how when the record player first came out it could have been almost looked as a status symbol it was that big of a deal. The next source is an opinion piece from the 40’s critizing the radio and the downsides of it. He sums this up by saying that he has his record player and he will stick with that. These two articles show two different things. The first being that people loved the simplicity of the record, and the efficiency of it. The other thing that the articles show is that time hasn’t had a large impact on the first point. It seems that there continues to be a strong group of people that are dedicated to vinyl as a way of music. This is something that is very much tied into the culture of the record player. The important question is why? They’re much less efficient, more expensive and easier to break. So why is there this continuing trend that is increasing of love for the record player.

Mikkelson, David. “Paul McCartney Died in 1966?” Snopes. Snopes, 09 Mar. 2015. Web. 13 Nov. 2016. <;.

Runtagh, Jordan. “To My Sweet Satan: The 15 Creepiest Backwards Messages In Classic Rock.” VH1. N.p., 20 Feb. 2014. Web. 13 Nov. 2016. <;.

Now while this urban legend is mostly tied in with the music itself and not record players as a technology, the two of them are very closely tied in together. The trend that is discussed in these articles is one that is relevant to the culture of the time. This was at a time of a revolution of music, that some could say started with The Beatles. This then continued to more rock legends which people that were not used to it obviously didn’t enjoy it. They didn’t like the subject matter and the revolutionary thought that some of the songs vocalized. This legend is founded upon jumbled words that are open to interpretation that people interpreted to be poorly. So how does this connect to record players, well besides music is played on record players. I’m not entirely sure, record players allowed these musicians to spread their music just as NWA did in the 90’s. They started trying to vocalize issues they had. The record player possibly experienced a transition period where it started becoming more relevant due to the ability to vocalize issues.

Monllas, Kristina. “With Vinyl’s Resurgence, Here’s How Brands Are Capitalizing on Music’s Most Analog Medium.” AdWeek. N.p., 7 Mar. 2016. Web. 13 Nov. 2016. <;.

This is one of the main sources that considers the recent developments of record players and gives possible reasons why. It discusses some general trends that the producers of vinyl records have noticed. Some of them are truths that are pertinent to just modern times and others hold true for record players in the past. The interesting thing is seeing where those have in common. To fully examine the culture behind record players, we need to look at those that are affected by them in every single way. This is incredibly difficult as the complex interactions that people have can be opposite of those that have other experiences. The question to ask is how is this relationship affect culture. I mean what is it really doing for people.


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