Esha’s homework for 11/30/16

The article called, Why the US Chills its Eggs and Most of the World Doesn’t and the paper about the wooden spoons both are compelling and well written because of the fact that both of their authors’ voices’ can be heard. Reading material that is all quotes from doctors and scientist can be overwhelming about honestly quite boring to read. In the article the author uses words like, “oddballs” to show their personality, while also using will respected quotes from multiple advanced sources. The author, through out his paper, asked multiple questions and answered them using sources. He engaged with the research he did and didn’t just put a bunch of words on a article that meant nothing to the audience reading it. The author of the paper about wooden spoons used () to speak to the audience in her on voice. At the beginning when she is talking about the wooden spoon she says, “(I’m assuming you have at least one, because I’ve never been in any kitchen that didn’t),” She uses sarcasm to make her paper more interesting and to put her voice into it. The rest of the paper is very formal and well written and then we get gleams into the author’s personality it’s self. A well written paper can’t just be facts and stories but also personality and wit. I believe that both of the papers have that and they other are very interesting to read.

My paper not edited 

The Gender Role Vacuum

Vacuums are an essential cleaning item in the American household, no one can live without one in this modern world. Before the mighty vacuum, people used to drag their carpets outside on the streets and use sticks and other items to beat the dust and dirt out. According to the book, Practical Housekeeping, the way that most women were told to get dust and dirt out of carpets was, “Take up carpet, fold it up by lifting one side, carrying it over to the other, and laying it down carefully, thus preventing straw and dust getting on the upper side. Carry it out and lay it on the grass or hang it on a clothes-line and beat it on the wrong side with canes-taking care that the canes have no sharp points, then spread the carpet out and sweep well on the right side,” (page 429). Imagine having to lug your large carpet or rug outside every time you get one piece of dirt on it. This is just the process of getting out dust and dirt that is dry, if the dirt is wet then there is a whole other process of getting the dirt out. The vacuum has changed the way that everyone cleans their houses, it takes less than half the time now to clean carpets, hard wood, and/or tile. This technology has not just impacted people in the United States, but everyone around the world.

 

The history of the Vacuum is a long one that goes all the way back to the 1860s. The first vacuum was invented in 1868 by a man named Ives W. McGaffey in Chicago, Illinois. He did not call it the vacuum cleaner, he called his hand-pumped machine a Whirlwind. This was the first “vacuum cleaner” in the United States. In the 1870s, Melville Bissell marketed the carpet sweeper with a revolving brush that picked up the dirt and disposed it inside the machine, this “vacuum” also had a wheel.  In 1898, John S. Thurman of St. Louis, Missouri patented the pneumatic carpet renovator, this was the first gasoline powered vacuum cleaner. And in 1901, Hubert Cecil Booth, in London, invented the electric vacuum. Over the year’s other makers came out with their own versions on the vacuum.

The first vacuum cleaners, before the 1960s, were primarily made of steel cases with aluminum attachments and trim pieces. Vacuums that were upright had aluminum bases with steel, aluminum and/or Bakelite motor hoods. This was made for very durable but heavy vacuum cleaners. Over time vacuum cleaners changed into having many trim pieces and motor hoods starting to be molded from various plastics. Most early furnisher was made up of rubber that was soft, flexible synthetic plastic, this was called vinyl.

Today most vacuum cleaners are made up of primarily plastics or, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene, with steel, polycarbonates and other high impact plastics used for additional strength. Plastic works well with the large modern case designs which are an economical, lightweight and tough material. It is basically polystyrene except that a small amount of styrene-butadiene rubber for better high impact resistance and acrylonitrile for hardening are added to the styrene before it is polymerized. This allows the plastic to be more flex under impact while still being rigid enough to keep the required shape. Other materials that are used are; Lexan, Polystyrene, Vinyl, Nylon, and Bakelite. Lexan, or polycarbonate resin. It is very durable and has high impact-resistance, yet is has low scratch-resistance. Polystyrene is an ideal modeling plastic that is hard, extremely transparent, and a good insulator, even though it is soft when boiled in water. In boiling water, it is brittle and burn up rapidly. Vinyl, or polyvinyl chloride, PVC, is very versatile. It is a strong, easily colored and resists abrasion. It can be made ruff for making pipes used for water systems and draining systems. Nylon is the toughest, strongest, and most elastic substances. It is used between rotating wheels and their axles, and/or rotating axels and the main housings to reduce wear. It is also used to make gears for flooring polishers and conditioners. It is used to manufacture synthetic bristles for vacuum cleaner attachments. Lastly, Bakelite is the first completely synthetic plastics resin, it is an important thermosetting resin made from phenol and formaldehyde which can be injection molded to make parts which are resistant to heat. Early vacuum motors chests were made from Bakelite. Now most vacuum chests are made of various thermoplastics that are cheaper to produce.

It used to take hours beating the dust out of a carpet, now it only takes a couple of minutes taking the vacuum out of the cleaning closet, plugging it in and turning it on to pick up the mess that was made. The impact of this technology has been grand, and more and more versions of this technology keeps coming out, now there are vacuums with more than one bag, there are vacuums that are just small rotating discs that need no human to lug it around the house. The vacuum is a technology that is ever changing and is going to be necessary not just more now but for centuries to come. The vacuum impacted the way people cleaned their homes, the way people preserved the roles of the household, and the way cleaning is being done for years to come. People didn’t have to go out and drag the carpets to beat it up in the middle of the street, getting the street dirty and getting bacteria out in the air, anymore. The modern-day vacuum is such a large part of western households; it has impacted a lot more than the way we clean but also the way people live their everyday lives. Now when you drop a bag of chips, or your dog knocks over a plant, you can easily walk to your closet, take out this magical machine that sucks up the chips and the dirt and then never must worry about it again, till you clean out the filter. The vacuum impacted the way the world works, a lot. It mostly impacted the way that women and men saw the roles of gender in the household.

Women were seen as being the housekeepers; stay home, clean the home, taking care of the kids, and being there for their husbands when then needed them. Men were seen as the bead winners; going out working for a living. Along with this, women were the weak ones that were too fragile to work outside the homes.

The vacuum cleaner is just one of the tools used to objectify women.

 

My Paper Edited 

The Gender Role Vacuum

Vacuums are an essential cleaning item in the American household, no one can live without one in this modern world. Before the mighty vacuum, people used to drag their carpets outside on the streets and use sticks and other items to beat the dust and dirt out. According to the book, Practical Housekeeping, the way that most women were told to get dust and dirt out of carpets was, “Take up carpet, fold it up by lifting one side, carrying it over to the other, and laying it down carefully, thus preventing straw and dust getting on the upper side. Carry it out and lay it on the grass or hang it on a clothes-line and beat it on the wrong side with canes-taking care that the canes have no sharp points, then spread the carpet out and sweep well on the right side,” (page 429). Imagine having to lug your large carpet or rug outside every time you get one piece of dirt on it. This is just the process of getting out dust and dirt that is dry, if the dirt is wet then there is a whole other process of getting the dirt out. The vacuum has changed the way that everyone cleans their houses, it takes less than half the time now to clean carpets, hard wood, and/or tile. This technology has not just impacted people in the United States, but everyone around the world.

The history of the Vacuum is a long one that goes all the way back to the 1860s. The first vacuum was invented in 1868 by a man named Ives W. McGaffey in Chicago, Illinois. He did not call it the vacuum cleaner, he called his hand-pumped machine a Whirlwind. This was the first “vacuum cleaner” in the United States. In the 1870s, Melville Bissell marketed the carpet sweeper with a revolving brush that picked up the dirt and disposed it inside the machine, this “vacuum” also had a wheel.  In 1898, John S. Thurman of St. Louis, Missouri patented the pneumatic carpet renovator, this was the first gasoline powered vacuum cleaner. And in 1901, Hubert Cecil Booth, in London, invented the electric vacuum. Over the year’s other makers came out with their own versions on the vacuum.

I know, we all love listening about the deep history of the mighty vacuum, how the creator sat watching his wife beat the life out of the carpet and said to himself, “god, what if there was an easier way for my wife to clean the carpets”. The vacuum does not also have a long and draining history, it also has a long list of materials that goes into making just one appliance. The first vacuum cleaners, before the 1960s, were primarily made of steel cases with aluminum attachments and trim pieces. Vacuums that were upright had aluminum bases with steel, aluminum and/or Bakelite motor hoods. This was made for very durable but heavy vacuum cleaners. Over time vacuum cleaners changed into having many trim pieces and motor hoods starting to be molded from various plastics. Most early furnisher was made up of rubber that was soft, flexible synthetic plastic, this was called vinyl.

Today most vacuum cleaners are made up of primarily plastics or, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene, with steel, polycarbonates and other high impact plastics used for additional strength. Plastic works well with the large modern case designs which are an economical, lightweight and tough material. It is basically polystyrene except that a small amount of styrene-butadiene rubber for better high impact resistance and acrylonitrile for hardening are added to the styrene before it is polymerized. This allows the plastic to be more flex under impact while still being rigid enough to keep the required shape. Other materials that are used are; Lexan, Polystyrene, Vinyl, Nylon, and Bakelite. Lexan, or polycarbonate resin. It is very durable and has high impact-resistance, yet is has low scratch-resistance. Polystyrene is an ideal modeling plastic that is hard, extremely transparent, and a good insulator, even though it is soft when boiled in water. In boiling water, it is brittle and burn up rapidly. Vinyl, or polyvinyl chloride, PVC, is very versatile. It is a strong, easily colored and resists abrasion. It can be made ruff for making pipes used for water systems and draining systems. Nylon is the toughest, strongest, and most elastic substances. It is used between rotating wheels and their axles, and/or rotating axels and the main housings to reduce wear. It is also used to make gears for flooring polishers and conditioners. It is used to manufacture synthetic bristles for vacuum cleaner attachments. Lastly, Bakelite is the first completely synthetic plastics resin, it is an important thermosetting resin made from phenol and formaldehyde which can be injection molded to make parts which are resistant to heat. Early vacuum motors chests were made from Bakelite. Now most vacuum chests are made of various thermoplastics that are cheaper to produce. So, basically a lot of metals and chemicals that only very intelligent scientists can pronounce. I don’t know what all these chemicals do, but I do know that they do make cleaning more time effective and less demanding as before.

Vacuums have a well know history in our western society. It was used to clean rugs but also used for more interesting thigs. Most people don’t know how to feel about the invincible vacuum. It used to take hours beating the dust out of a carpet, now it only takes a couple of minutes taking the vacuum out of the cleaning closet, plugging it in and turning it on to pick up the mess that was made. The impact of this technology has been grand, and more and more versions of this technology keeps coming out, now there are vacuums with more than one bag, there are vacuums that are just small rotating discs that need no human to lug it around the house. The vacuum is a technology that is ever changing and is going to be necessary not just more now but for centuries to come. The vacuum impacted the way people cleaned their homes, the way people preserved the roles of the household, and the way cleaning is being done for years to come. People didn’t have to go out and drag the carpets to beat it up in the middle of the street, getting the street dirty and getting bacteria out in the air, anymore. The modern-day vacuum is such a large part of western households; it has impacted a lot more than the way we clean but also the way people live their everyday lives. Now when you drop a bag of chips, or your dog knocks over a plant, you can easily walk to your closet, take out this magical machine that sucks up the chips and the dirt and then never must worry about it again, till you clean out the filter. The vacuum impacted the way the world works, a lot. In the New York Times, on august 8th 2004, an article was written called, “Dirt Appeal; The sell of a high-end vacuum cleaner maybe the sight of the gunk it sucks up,” about the amazing history of Dyson the vacuum company, yet after it talked about the amazing history is also talked about the grim and other stuff that the company is lying about. With the amazing history of Dyson, there is also this fear of being let down and a fear that nothing is as it seems. Even though vacuums have been such a great part of most western people’s life, there is a lot of legends have changed the way some paranoid people think about the vacuum.

According the legend on the website snopes.com there is a story about a woman that was stuck in the airplane bathroom and was sucked into the vacuum of the toilet of the plane, “Her body was sealed to the seat so firmly that it took airport technicians to free her.” The fear of being sucked into a complete darkness and not be about to know what to do or how to get out is one that a lot of people have. No, it is not a traditional vacuum cleaner but it is the being able to suck something into a filter and not being about to get it out. It is also a fear of being waste, not being wanted or not being useful. Also on the Huffington post there was a study shown about the top ten urban legends about flying and one of the big ones is the idea of being sucked into an airplane vacuum toilet, “The story claimed that the flush had created a vacuum seal that trapped the passenger to the toilet and that the woman had to be freed by airport technicians after landing.” It is crazy that one of the most common fears of being in an airplane is being vacuumed into a toilet.

Another big urban legend is one that has a lot of scandal behind it. It is the idea that man use the vacuum to pleasure themselves. This is a little bit uncomfortable to talk about, but there have been movies making fun of the idea that men get their genital area stuck in the vacuum cleaner. The innocent vacuum cleaner that is supposed to be used for cleaning the household messes is not being used to figure one’s sexuality out. According to the Daily Mail, a news outlet, wrote about the accident where a performer got their penis stuck in a Hoover, “Daniel Blackner – who performs in the Circus of Horrors as Captain Dan the Demon Dwarf – said the incident happened as he prepared for a show. As part of the spectacle, the dwarf pulls a Henry vacuum cleaner across the show attached to his penis.” This is just one repost of the many that are out there. No one knew that the little vacuum cleaner could be used in such a phallic way. I do believe that the idea of this is closer than the airplane fear, yet it still is as unsettling.

The vacuum is known for a lot of good things and some crazy things. The idea of being vacuumed into the toilet of an airplane is a very relatable fear around the western world. Also, the idea of using vacuums to pleaser one’s self and getting stuck in it, is also a fear realistic fear. The vacuum is usually used for cleaning the home is now a fear of some people. The way that dogs hide under the couch when you take out the vacuum is the come way that some human’s think about the vacuum. Even for me, when I was a child I was afraid of the vacuum. I would run away and hide behind the curtain. So being afraid of appliances is not that crazy, but it is when your 45 and you’re still beating the dirt out of your carpet because you are afraid, rather than just vacuuming.

It mostly impacted the way that women and men saw the roles of gender in the household. Old ads and newspaper article about this new technology came with underlining messages of a hierarchy between a man’s worth and a woman’s job as the home maker. Our society as a funny way of making a great invention into a stamp of duty for a gender. When you think of the vacuum being used at your house, most Americans can say that they generally think about their mothers dragging it out from a hidden closet under the stairs and plugging it into the wall, and scaring the heck out of the dogs with it.

Women were seen as being the housekeepers; stay home, clean the home, taking care of the kids, and being there for their husbands when then needed them. Men were seen as the bead winners; going out working for a living. Along with this, women were the weak ones that were too fragile to work outside the homes. The vacuum cleaner is just one of the tools used to objectify women.

Note; I do need to add more about the gender roles and the way that the symbol of the vacuum makes us think about women.

 

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